The German accusative case is used when the noun/pronoun is the direct object of the sentence, that is, the person or thing affected by the action or the verb.
Except for the masculine gender, endings in the accusative case are exactly similar to those in the nominative case.
|Endings in the Accusative case|
Most of the personal pronouns make a change from the nominative case to the accusative case, as shown in the next table:
|Accusative Personal Pronouns|
|Singular Pronoun||Plural Pronoun|
|dich||you - informal||euch||you - informal|
|Sie||you - formal||Sie||you - formal|
Nearly all of the German verbs that can take a direct object take the accusative, which is expected, as the accusative is the direct object of the sentence. Such verbs are called 'transitive verbs'.
Certain prepositions always take the accusative case, no matter what position or role the noun plays in the sentence, and even if there will be more than one accusative noun within the sentence.
In the accusative, the interrogative pronoun 'wer' becomes 'wen', and the interrogative 'welcher' is declined according to the noun it's attached to.
|'Welcher' in the Accusative Case|
Here are a few example sentences in which the accusative nouns/pronouns are pointed out: